S. chathamica, S. fulvida, S. godleyi, S. longicarinata, S. prostrata, S. microphylla, S. molloyi and; S. tetraptera. Kauri: One of the largest and longest living trees in the world. Milling of New Zealand's extensive native forests was one of the earliest industries in the European settlement of the country. New Zealands top most famous native trees are the Pohutakawa tree, which is noted for its beautiful red blossoms, and is often in summer pics and paintings of NZ, especially at the beach. Kōwhai: Known for their brilliant yellow flowers. Most species of kōwhai are trees but two species, S. molloyi and S. prostrata, have a prostrate or bushy growth habit. New Zealand Geographic. I especially loved all the native tree ferns, and I wish I had more time to study them. It has dramatic spiky leaves, up to 3 metres long. Native trees of New Zealand, ordered by Māori name: Metcalf (LJ): "The Cultivation of New Zealand Trees and Shrubs"; Poneke, Reed, 1972 Fisher (ME), Satchell (E), Watkins (JM): "Gardening with New Zealand Plants Shrubs and Trees"; Akarana, Collins, 1982. Nīkau is the world’s most southern palm tree. The long, straight hardwood from the kauri was ideal for ship masts and spars. Kāmahi is probably New Zealand’s most common tree. History. Images of New Zealand Native Trees Mangoes are one of the most luscious tropical fruits, and they will grown in the warmest parts of New Zealand. Top 20 Garden Pests This is a, not too serious, attempt to list the top 20 worst pests in the New Zealand garden and rank them for overall importance by the harm they can cause, how common they are and how difficult they are to get rid of. New Zealand's long geological isolation means that most of its flora is unique, with many durable hard woods.There is a wide variety of native trees, adapted to all the various micro-climates in New Zealand. Probably New Zealand’s best contribution to the ice cream industry. The New Zealand Cabbage tree looks like a palm, grows up to 20 metres and makes any sheep paddock look exotic, but it belongs to a genus of trees and plants common in the Pacific Ocean (Cordyline). Karaka has poisonous orange berries, which Māori soaked and baked so they were safe to eat. It’s also one of the most popular flavours around – in fact, its primary manufacturer, Tip Top, has won the New Zealand Ice Cream’s Supreme Award for two years in a row because of this icy delicacy. Sandflies, also known as blackflies, are also common and grow to a fair size in remote parts of the South Island during the summer. Koromiko: The most common use for this plant in New Zealand is for rongoā (traditional Māori medicine). But I was most interested to learn about and discover some of the species that are native to New Zealand and the South Pacific. Māori often gave these trees chiefly status. New Zealand was like a botanical garden show-casing plants and trees from all over the world. Hokey Pokey is a creamy vanilla ice cream with honeycomb toffee pieces. The Maori also used the flowering of Pohutukawa trees as a seasonal indicator, and when Christian settlers arrived in New Zealand, the blossoming of this species’ bright red flowers in December and January inspired its alternative common name of the New Zealand Christmas tree. All are endemic to New Zealand. They planted the trees around New Zealand for food. New Zealand's biggest export in early European times. As the new colony was established, timber was the most common building material, and vast areas of native forest were cleared. 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