4 Cannons were an important addition in sixteenth-century warfare. Mughal chronicles were written by mostly Mughal courtiers, who mainly focused on the events related to the rulers, their family, the court and wars and the administration. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE OUR PASTS – II 48 Table 1 mughal emperors Major campaigns and events 1526 – defeated Ibrahim Lodi and his Afghan supporters at Panipat. the land revenue was fixed on the average yield of land assessed based on past ten years records. the Afghans marched on delhi soon after he assumed throne under Hemu. Babur also defeated the Afgans in battle of Gogra in Bihar. Once the emperor sat on the throne, no one was permitted to move from his position without permission. They appointed court historians to write on accounts of their achievements. INCOMMING TRAFFIC. the Red Fort, Jama Masjid at Delhi were built under his rule. Two ruling groups of Indian origin, the Rajputs and the Indian Muslims (Shaikhzadas) entered the imperial service from 1560 onwards. MCQ Questions for Class 7 History: Ch 4 The Mughal Empire. He ruled for five years but organized the administratin in a brillant manner. the Jharokha in East direction. Under Akbar, the Land revenue system was established known as Zabi / BAndobast systemThis sytem was further improved by Raja Todarmal. But he died in six months after falling from stairs of his library. the Rajput Policy of Akbar is lauded by many historians. Abu’l Fazl defined sovereignty as a social contract i.e., the emperor protected life, property, honour and faith and in return demanded obedience and a share of resources. Educational Study Material. In sulh-i kul all religions and schools of thought had freedom of expression but they did not undermine the authority of the state or fight among themselves. As the Mughals became powerful, several rulers voluntarily submitted to their authority. He waged wars with Rajputs expanding his empire to include Punjab, Sind, Multan, Bundelkhand. Many Rajput rulers married their daughters into Mughal families to gain position in the Mughal courts. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and Chengiz Khan to his mother’s side. Get The Mughal Empire, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. From the latter half of the 16th century, the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the 17th century they controlled nearly all of the subcontinent. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Mughal Empire ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions EXERCISES Question 1. The Mir Bakshi supervised the corps of court writers who recorded all applications and documents of courts. Urdu sprang from the interaction of Persian with Hindavi.  Mughal Empire (1526 A.D.-1857 A.D.) Babur- His actual name was Zahiruddin Mohammed, son of Omar Sheikh Mirza, the king of Ferghana in Afghanistan. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. According to the emperor it began his day at sunrise with a few religious prayer and then used to appear in a small balcony, i.e. In first ten years to his rule, he lead many military campaigns. 3 Mughal army on campaign. Grand titles were adopted by the Mughal emperors at the time of coronation or after a victory. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. Selina History ICSE Solutions Class 9 Chapter 10 The Mughal Empire. The Mughal dynasty was founded by Bābur (reigned 1526–30). The emperor personally reviewed changes in rank, titles and official postings. The bazaar of Chandni Chowk was designed by Jahanara. Chronicles of the Mughal Emperor provides us valuable informations about the institution of Mughal state. Captain William Hawkins of East India Company came to Jahangir’s court. scriptorium. the solar and lunar. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. In 1527 A.D., Babur defeated rana sanga in the battle of Kanwa. In 1648, under the rule of Shah Jahan, the capital was transferred to Shahjahanabad with the Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, the Chandni Chowk and spacious homes for the nobility. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and Chengiz Khan to his mother’s side. All Mughal government officials held rank with two designation—zat and sawar. The Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones in 1784 undertook the editing, printing and translation of many Indian manuscripts, including Akbar Nama and Badshah Nama. Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. He ordered the construction f ibadat khana(House of Worship) at his capital Fatehpur Sikri. Class 6 CBSE Notes PDF Class 7 CBSE Notes PDF Class 8 CBSE Notes PDF Class 9 CBSE Notes PDF Class 10 CBSE Notes PDF Class 11 CBSE Notes PDF Class 12 CBSE Notes PDF. Sir Thomas Roe, a representative of King James I of England also came to his court seeking permission o establish trading port at Surat. Turkish was the mother tongue of Mughals, but it was Akbar who made Persian the leading language of Mughal court. 1526 – Babur established Mughal dynasty in India. He is considered greatest monarchs of India. The Akbar Nama written by Abu’l Fazl is divided into three books, of which the third one is Ain-i Akbari which provided a detailed description of Akbar’s regime. Later, it was revised by Sadullah Khan. Mansabdar: All royal officers were known as mansabdars. This removed the barrier between the Maraths and the mughasl and confrontations began. The best app for CBSE students now provides Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. Both the Rajputs and the Mughals took marriage as a way at cementing political relationships and forging alliances. Chronicles: It is a continuous chronological record of events. After Auragzeb, the Mughal empire began to decline rapidly. In the 17th century, mansabdar of 1,000 Zat or above was ranked as nobles. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE NOTES. Revision Notes for the The Mughal Empire, CBSE Class 7 SOCIAL SCIENCE, Our Pasts Ii. A list of all the chapters covered in the online study material in the course is given above. Humayun then escaped to Iran for next fifteen years. Paintings were done on the choronicles to make them attractive. Literary Source: Ain-i-Akbari It was written by Abul Fazi. He also patronized learned men like Malik muhammad Jayasi who rote Padmavar under his reign. Court histories of the Mughals were written in Persian language in the 10th /17th centuries came from different parts of the subcontinents and they are now the Indian languages. All conquerors who sought to make their way into the Indian sub-continent had to cross the Hindukush mountains. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. From the latter half of the 16 th century the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi and until in the 17 th century they controlled nearly the entire subcontinent.. 2. (ii) The Mughal empire was very large and therefore for running the administration and maintaining law and order, a huge amount of finance is needed which comes from the revenue. 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