Bertha made landfall as a Category 2 hurricane on the coast of North Carolina, causing a total of 12 deaths and $335 million (1996 USD) in damage.  Cesar caused minor damage in the ABC islands to roofs and trees; one person drowned in heavy surf on Curçao. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Hurricane Fran weakens into a tropical storm. After becoming a tropical depression on August 23rd, Fran strengthened into a powerful category three hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 120 mph while north of the Bahamas on September 4th. , As the center of Arthur passed east of Cape Romain, South Carolina, minor increases in surf were reported. 2:00 pm AST (1800 UTC) – Hurricane Hortense weakens into a Category 1 hurricane. The 1996 hurricane season was much more active than the long term average of six hurricanes, two of which are major.  In addition, Arthur also brought precipitation to Georgia and Virginia, though amounts rarely exceeded 3 inches (76 mm). 2:00 am EDT (0600 UTC) – Hurricane Fran rapidly weakens to a Category 1 hurricane. Throughout the state, approximately 1.7 million people were left without electricity. In the month of July, two tropical cyclones formed, both of which later attained hurricane status. This caused the mid-level portion of the cyclone to move eastward, centering itself just east of Lake Huron. The road network was significantly damaged.  Impact from Kyle was minimal and limited to light rainfall in the countries of Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Slightly further intensification occurred and Kyle peaked as a 50 mph (85 km/h) tropical storm early on October 12.  Although September is the climatological peak of hurricane season, only two tropical cyclones developed in that month. Lorenzo, Michelle, Olga, and Rebekah were placed on the list in 2001 instead. 1:00 pm CDT (1800 UTC) – Tropical Depression Ten forms about 70 miles (110 km) east of the, 1:00 pm CDT (1800 UTC) – Tropical Depression Ten strengthens into, 11:30 pm EDT (0330 UTC October 8) – Tropical Storm Josephine makes landfall in, 2:00 am EDT (0600 UTC) – Tropical Storm Josephine becomes extratropical along the, 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Tropical depression Eleven forms about midway between, 2:00 pm EDT (1800 UTC) – Tropical depression Eleven strengthens into. The storm killed 42 people and left an estimated 100,000 homeless in Nicaragua. Thereafter, the storm weakened as it tracked rapidly north-northeastward. Tropical Cyclones can and have formed outside these dates but not in 1996, because Hurricane Marco ended on November 24. Later that day or early on August 22, Dolly emerged into the Bay of Campeche and quickly re-strengthened into a tropical storm. At 1800 UTC on October 12, Kyle made landfall in eastern Guatemala with winds of 30 mph (45 km/h). The depression drifted slowly southwestward and strengthened into Tropical Storm Kyle later that day. The 1995 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 1995 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean. Further intensification occurred, with the storm being upgraded to a hurricane on the following day. It lasted only 3 days, before wind shear caused it … 2:00 am AST (0600 UTC) – Hurricane Isidore reaches Category 2 intensity. In total, six major hurricanes formed during the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season—the highest number produced in a single season since 1950. 8:00 am AST (1200 UTC) – Hurricane Edouard reaches Category 2 intensity. 8:00 pm EDT (0000 UTC September 3) – Hurricane Edouard weakens into a tropical storm. Due to an anticyclone to its north, the depression initially moved west-northwestward.  About 1.4 million people on Puerto Rico were left without electricity – equivalent to about 40% of the island's population. Finally, Hurricane Hortense formed in the east Atlantic during the month of September and crossed Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, causing 39 direct deaths and $158 million in damage. It was an above average season in which 13 tropical cyclones formed, with all cyclones attaining tropical storm status. , A cold front interacted with several tropical waves, eventually spawning Tropical Depression Thirteen late on November 16, while southwest of Jamaica. , An area of increasing convection, possibly associated with a tropical wave, developed into Tropical Depression One on June 17 at 1800 UTC, while located near Grand Bahama. 1:00 pm CDT (1800 UTC) – Tropical Depression Kyle makes landfall near the. , A tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Six on August 23, while located southeast of Cape Verde. 8:00 pm AST (0000 UTC August 25) – Hurricane Edouard reaches Category 4 intensity. Steadily organizing while moving generally towards the west, the … Hurricane Andrew was the most damaging hurricane in the history of the United States, until Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The system produced strong winds and flooding, leading to 113 deaths and $202.96 million in damage. The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season was very active, but not as active as 1995, but it was more active then 1997. 2:00 am AST (0600 UTC) – Tropical depression Seven strengthens into. This is a table of all of the storms that formed in the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season. It soon moved back offshore and brushed Dominican Republic while crossing the Mona Passage. The storm lasted 10 days before dissipating on November 26, only four days before the official end of the season on November 30. The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1996, and lasted until November 30, 1996. The season's six major hurricanes comprise the highest number in any one year since 1961 (with eight). Animation of the progress of all tropical cyclones in the 1996 Atlantic Hurricane Season. Marco weakened back to a tropical storm later that day.  Although there was neither an El Niño or a La Niña, the above average activity in the season was likely due to abnormally warm sea surface temperatures. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Hurricane Edouard regains Category 4 intensity.  Damage throughout the United States totaled about $130 million. Other websites.  In the latter, wind gusts up to 90 mph (145 km/h) left two-thirds of Nantucket, most of Cape Cod, and all of Martha's Vineyard without electricity. The depression headed westward and barely strengthened until becoming Tropical Storm Hortense early on September 7.  In Colombia, heavy rainfall caused 3 deaths, 2 of which were from a mudslide in Pueblo Bello. There were also 19 deaths, most of which due to drowning during flash floods. Large scale evacuations occurred in San Luis Potosí, while about 6,500 fled their homes in the Tampico area.  In Costa Rica, river flooding damaged or destroyed 3,874 homes; 150 bridges were also destroyed. It quickly weakened further to a tropical storm before re-entering the Atlantic and became extratropical later that day.  In nearby Florida, one person died after being swept into a drain during the storm's heavy rains. It was an hyper-active season in which 25 tropical cyclones formed, with all cyclones attaining tropical storm status. Communications and power outages were reported as far west as Mazatlán, Sinaloa. , A tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Twelve on October 14. Figure 2 depicts the sea surface temperature anomalies for June and July of 1996. Twelve hours later, it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Bertha. 8:00 pm EDT (0000 UTC September 2) – Hurricane Edouard weakens into a Category 1 hurricane. Hurricane Fran developed from a tropical wave that moved off the coast of Africa on August 22, 1996. Later, the storm passed midway between Cape Hatteras and Bermuda on September 1. Three tropical cyclones formed in October, with one attaining hurricane status. 4:00 pm EDT (2000 UTC) – Hurricane Bertha makes landfall between. Hundreds of homes were destroyed, displacing about 35,000 people. The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season began on June 1st, 1996 and ended November 30th, 1996. Initially, the depression moved north-northwestward and then northward around the western periphery of an Atlantic subtropical ridge. 2:00 am AST (0600 UTC) – Tropical depression Nine strengthens into Tropical Storm Isidore. The occluded front extended from Lake Huron to Pennsylvania on September 13. , Tropical Depression Ten developed from the remnants of a cold front in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico on October 6. It then made landfall near Chetumal, Quintana Roo with winds of 75 mph (120 km/h). 7:00 am CDT (1200 UTC) – Tropical Storm Dolly regains hurricane status as it makes its second landfall midway between, 8:00 am AST (1200 UTC) – Tropical Storm Edouard strengthens into, 8:00 am AST (1200 UTC) – Tropical depression Six forms just southeast of the. The season's first tropical cyclone, Tropical Storm Arthur, developed on June 17, while the final cyclone, Hurricane Marco dissipated on November 26. , Although it did not make landfall, Marco produced heavy rainfall in the Greater Antilles and Central America, which caused significant flooding in some areas. Afterwards Marco doubled-back to the west. It was the first time since the mid-'50s that North Carolina had experienced two hurricane landfalls in one hurricane season. A normal season, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), has 12.1 named storms, of these 6.4 reach hurricane strength, and 2.7 major hurricanes, which are Category 3 or higher on the Saffir–Simpson scale. 2:00 pm AST (1800 UTC) – Hurricane Edouard reaches Category 3 intensity. However, in April 1996, CSU revised their forecast, stating that 11 named storms would develop, with seven of those intensifying into a hurricane, and three reaching major hurricane intensity. 2:00 am AST (0600 UTC) – Tropical Depression Gustav dissipates. Wu, C., and Y. Kurihara, 1996: A Numerical Study of the Feedback Mechanisms of Hurricane - Environment Interaction on Hurricane Movement from the Potential Vorticity Perspective. With a ridge to its north, the system moved west-southwestward. , The storm brought heavy rainfall to much of Mexico, peaking at 37.41 inches (950 mm). Hurricane Cesar (1996) Hurricane Cesar was the third named storm, and the second hurricane of the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season, forming into a tropical depression on July 24, from a tropical wave that exited the coast of Africa on July 17. , Tropical cyclogenesis in the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season began with the development of Tropical Storm Arthur on June 17.  After emerging into the Atlantic Ocean, the hurricane accelerated northeastward, briefly peaking as a Category 3 hurricane with winds of 115 mph (185 km/h) near the Bahamas on October 19. 7:00 pm CDT (0000 UTC October 13) – Tropical Depression Kyle dissipates near where it made landfall. The most intense hurricane, Edouard, was a powerful Cape Verde-type hurricane that affected portions of the Mid-Atlantic states and New England. , In the United States Virgin Islands, heavy rainfall and hurricane-force winds damaged about 2,500 homes, of which 43 lost their roofs. However, Fran became less organized after a disruption to inflow due to Hurricane Edouard and weakened back to a tropical storm. New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and Prince Edward Island were also impacted, though not as severely as in Nova Scotia. 8:00 pm AST (0000 UTC September 30) – Hurricane Isidore weakens into a tropical storm. It formed on June 27. 2:00 am AST (0600 UTC) – Tropical Storm Isidore strengthens into. 8:00 pm AST (0000 UTC October 2) – Tropical Depression Isidore becomes extratropical. , At 0400 UTC on July 28, Cesar made landfall near Bluefields, Nicaragua, with winds of 85 mph (140 km/h). 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Tropical depression Twelve forms just east of. 1:00 am EST (0600 UTC) – Tropical depression Thirteen strengthens into Tropical Storm Marco. It was absorbed by a larger system on September 7. 2:00 pm EDT (1800 UTC) – Hurricane Lili weakens into a Category 2 hurricane. by Edward N. Rappaport and Jose Fernandez-Partagas 28 May 1995 NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS NHC 47 updated 22 April 1997 by Jack Beven Contents. Hurricane Patricia, which formed in the eastern Pacific off Guatemala in 2015, had the strongest winds recorded, at 215 miles (346 km) an hour.  Hurricane Edouard and Hurricane Marco also caused damage and fatalities, but neither storm made an official landfall. Hurricane Hortense was the eighth named storm, the sixth hurricane, and the fourth major hurricane of the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season.Hortense was also the second Category 4 hurricane of the 1996 season.  Overall, damage in the country was estimated at $362 million.  This timeline documents all the storm formations, strengthening, weakening, landfalls, extratropical transitions, as well as dissipation. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Hurricane Lili reaches Category 3 intensity. A combination of storm surge and strong winds damaged over 5,000 homes and buildings, with at least 4 destroyed. Josephine formed as a tropical depression in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico on October 6. Fran tracked west-northwestward and intensified into a hurricane on August 29.  In Cuba, 269,995 people were evacuated in advance of Lili, resulting in no deaths in the country. , In South Carolina, the outer bands of Fran produced high winds and light to moderate rainfall, downing numerous trees and power lines. Following on the heels of the 1995 season in which 19 were named storms and 11 were hurricanes, 1996 saw 13 named storms of which 9 became hurricanes. The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season was very active, but not as active as 1995, but it was more active then 1997. 2:00 pm EDT (1800 UTC) – Hurricane Bertha weakens into a Category 2 hurricane. After re-entering the Atlantic, Hortense substantially strengthened and peaked as a 140 mph (220 km/h) Category 4 hurricane early on September 13. On September 28, Isidore weakened to a Category 2 hurricane. 130 mph (215 km/h) Fran weakened and moved inland, becoming extratropical over Ontario on September 8. …  Damage in Puerto Rico was estimated at $153.4 million. Around that time, it struck Curaçao. It re-curved eastward and continued to strengthen, briefly becoming a hurricane on November 20. Early on September 30, Isidore weakened to a tropical storm. The World Meteorological Organization retired three names in the spring of 1997: Cesar, Fran, and Hortense. The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1 and ended on November 30. The season's most destructive storms were Hurricane Cesar, Hurricane Fran, and Hurricane Hortense. 8:00 pm EDT (0000 UTC July 13) – Hurricane Bertha weakens into a Category 1 hurricane. At least 3 fatalities were confirmed in that country.  The forecast by the WRC in early 1996 was 10 named storms and 6 hurricanes, though there was no prediction on the number of major hurricanes. 8:00 am AST (1200 UTC) – Hurricane Isidore weakens into a Category 2 hurricane. 2:00 am AST (0600 UTC) – Hurricane Isidore weakens into a Category 1 hurricane. Storms Subtropical Storm One.  In the Dominican Republic, strong winds damaged a number of buildings and houses, and downed several power lines. 1:00 am EST (0600 UTC) – Tropical Storm Marco strengthens into. Throughout Mexico, there were fourteen fatalities reported, six in Veracruz, three in Nuevo León, and one in Monterrey. Damage and death include totals while a tropical cyclone was in its pre-formative or post-formative stages. Hurricane Cesar (later known as Hurricane Douglas in the Eastern Pacific basin) was the deadliest storm of the season; it killed at least 51 people and caused severe damage in northern Colombia and southern Central America. 2:00 am AST (0600 UTC) – Tropical depression Eight strengthens into Tropical Storm Hortense. These major hurricanes were Bertha, Edouard, Fran, Hortense, Isidore, and Lili. 7:00 pm CDT (0000 UTC August 21) – Hurricane Dolly weakens into a tropical storm.  Rainfall peaked at 5.85 inches (149 mm) in Georgetown, South Carolina, though because it fell gradually, no significant flooding was reported, other than minor ponding of water on roads. Early on September 15, Hortense made landfall in Nova Scotia as a minimal Category 1 hurricane.  In North Carolina, swells ranged as high as 7 ft (2.1 m). Bertha was the first … 1:00 pm CDT (1800 UTC) – Hurricane Dolly weakens into a tropical storm. The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season had the most major hurricanes since 1964, which are Category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Aside from Tropical Storm Gustav and Hurricane Isidore, all of the cyclones affected land. The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season had the most major hurricanes since 1964, which are Category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale. The 1996 season also continued the trend …  ACE is, broadly speaking, a measure of the power of the hurricane multiplied by the length of time it existed, so storms that last a long time, as well as particularly strong hurricanes, have high ACEs. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Tropical Storm Arthur weakens into a tropical depression. The 1996 Lake Huron Cyclone, commonly referred to as Hurricane Huron, Cyclone Huron, or the Lake Huron Subtropical Cyclone of 1996, was an extremely rare, strong cyclonic storm system that developed over Lake Huron in September 1996. 1996 Atlantic Ocean Tropical Storms and Hurricanes Introduction. As a result, the storm slowly weakened and was downgraded to a tropical depression late on September 1.  An additional three people drowned offshore Venezuela. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Hurricane Bertha regains Category 2 intensity.  Damage in South Carolina reached about $40 million. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Hurricane Hortense weakens into a Category 3 hurricane. 7:00 pm CDT (0000 UTC August 24) – Tropical Storm Dolly weakens into a tropical depression. Despite moderately strong wind shear, the depression strengthened and was upgraded to Tropical Storm Arthur while re-curving northeastward at 0000 UTC on June 19.  The storm caused numerous power outages and damaged 10 homes in Antigua and Barbuda. More than 2,500 homes, 39 bridges and 25 miles (40 km) of roads were destroyed. Collectively, the tropical cyclones of the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season caused $6.52 billion in damage and 256 deaths. It is only calculated for full advisories on tropical systems at or exceeding 34 knots (39 mph, 63 km/h) or tropical storm strength. Damage in Atlantic Canada reached approximately $3.64 million. The depression moved westward and strengthened into Tropical Storm Edouard on August 22. 2:00 pm AST (1800 UTC) – Tropical depression Five forms about 100 miles (160 km) west of the. 2:00 pm AST (1800 UTC) – Tropical Storm Bertha strengthens into. On November 19, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Marco. Bertha's wind speeds were measured as high as 116 mph at the Frying Pan Shoals tower off Cape Fear. 2:00 pm EDT (1800 UTC) – Tropical Storm Fran weakens into a tropical depression. The season officially began on June 1, 1996 and ended on November 30, 1996, dates which conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. Wind gusts as strong as 137 mph (220 km/h) were reported.  Edouard brought rough seas and gusty winds along the East Coast of the United States from South Carolina northward. Rough seas disrupted ferry service and caused the closure of several beaches. Timeline of the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, Comparison of Weather Research Center's OCSI Atlantic Annual Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts with Colorado State Professor Bill Gray's Seasonal Forecast, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", Background information: the North Atlantic Hurricane Season, Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. Landfall Strike Probability for 2007, Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena: June 1996, Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena: July 1996, "Hurricane Douglas leaves at least 35 dead as it crosses from Caribbean to Pacific", "San Andrés Toma Aire Luego Del Huracán César", Hurricanes and tropical storms in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, Effects of the Damage Caused by Hurricane Cesar on the Development of Costa Rica in 1996, Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena August 1996, Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena September 1996, The deadliest, costliest and most intense United States tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts), Preliminary Report: Tropical Storm Josephine, Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena October 1996, "Hurricane Vulnerability in Latin America and The Caribbean: Normalized Damage and Loss Potentials", "Marco, downgraded to tropical storm, nears Jamaica", "Subject: G1) When is hurricane season ? Early on September 26, the storm was upgraded to a hurricane. The next day, Lili made landfall in Matanzas Province, Cuba with winds of 100 mph (155 km/h) and moved across the central portion of the island; it was first hurricane to hit the country since Kate in 1985. Total damage was estimated near $7.5 million. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences , 53, 2264 - 2282  On Guadeloupe, damage was most significant to crops, with over 50% of banana plantains destroyed.  Overall, Cesar caused 113 deaths and $202.96 million in damage. , Edouard approached Nantucket, Massachusetts, but turned to the east before reaching land. The storm intensified slightly further, before making landfall near Guánica, Puerto Rico with winds of 80 mph (130 km/h) at 0600 UTC on September 10. Early on the following day, the storm made landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina at the same intensity. 8:00 am AST (1200 UTC) – Tropical Storm Isidore weakens into a tropical depression. Gradual weakening ensued the following day as Bertha moved up the Mid-Atlantic states and into New England before becoming extratropical on July 14. There were many power outages, trees blown down, roofs torn away, and roads damaged in the province. Six of the hurricanes became “major,” that is, had maximum 1-min winds in excess of 49 m s −1 [category three or higher on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale (SSHS); Simpson (1974)] in 1996.  All three storms had their names retired by the World Meteorological Organization in the spring of 1997, and were replaced with Cristobal, Fay, and Hanna for the 2002 season, respectively. , A tropical wave with a well-defined circulation developed into Tropical Depression Nine at 1200 UTC on September 24, while located south of Cape Verde.  This is the same list used for the 1990 season except for Dolly and Kyle, which replaced Diana and Klaus, respectively. , The extratropical remnants of Josephine moved along the eastern coast of the United States, producing wind gusts as strong as 77 mph (124 km/h) in St. Mary's County and in Ocean City, Maryland.  Overall, Marco caused 15 fatalities and approximately $8.2 million in damage.. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Tropical Storm Lili strengthens into, 5:30 am EDT (0930 UTC) – Hurricane Lili reaches Category 2 intensity and makes landfall on the. It strengthened into a hurricane on September 9 and then curved northwestward. Additionally, two people were left missing in Nuevo León. August was the most active month of the season, with a total of four storms developing in that period of time. 7:00 pm CDT (0000 UTC August 22) – Tropical Depression Dolly regains tropical storm status. Hortense brought torrential rainfall and flooding as it moved through the Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic.. Because it hit only one year after hurricanes Luis and Marilyn, and … After weakening to a tropical storm later that day, Cesar moved into the Pacific and was reclassified as Tropical Storm Douglas on July 29. The system weakened to a tropical depression on August 21. About 24 hours later, Arthur mad… U.S. eastern seaboard residents experienced a busy hurricane season in 1996. At 0600 UTC on August 25, Edouard attained its maximum sustained winds of 145 mph (230 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 933 mbar (27.6 inHg); it was the most intense tropical cyclone of the season. 2:00 pm AST (1800 UTC) – Tropical Storm Hortense becomes extratropical just south of, 8:00 am AST (1200 UTC) – Tropical depression Nine forms about 150 miles (240 km) south of. The season featured nine tropical cyclone landfalls, including six hurricanes, one of which was a major hurricane. Edouard generated strong waves that killed two people on the coastal shore of New Jersey. After convection wrapped around the circulation and banding features increased, the National Hurricane Center upgraded the depression to Tropical Storm Isidore on September 25. The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996.  Strong winds left about 400,000 people without power. 2:00 am EDT (0600 UTC) – Tropical Storm Edouard becomes extratropical about 100 miles (160 km) south-southeast of the, 8:00 am AST (1200 UTC) – Tropical depression Eight forms about midway between the northern.  They were replaced in the 2002 season by Cristobal, Fay, and Hanna. 8:00 am EDT (1200 UTC) – Tropical Depression Arthur becomes extratropical about 350.  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